Public Distribution System

Ration System

Brief Of PDS

PDS stands for Public distribution system. It provides a system of management of scarcity through the distribution of food grains at affordable prices. It has been providing food grains since June 1997 Under Target Public Distribution System(TPDS) which focuses on the poor. PDS is supplemental in nature, meaning it is not intended to fulfill the entire requirement of any of the commodities distributed to families or a section of society.



The Public Distribution system was established in June 1997 by the Indian government with an initiative to eradicate the scarcity of food among the poor. It was launched under the Target Public Distribution System(TPDS) which ensures that the food reaches the relevant set of poor people. 


Working of PDS

Under the guidance of PDS, the States were supervised to develop and run an unbiased arrangement for the identification of the poor, for the delivery of foodgrains, and for its distribution in an effective and transparent medium at the FPS Level. FPS stands for Fair Price Shops which have been licensed to facilitate the distribution of essential commodities to ration card holders.


  1.   Allocation of Rations at the Buffer.

The Central government has assigned the FCIs (Food Corporation of India) for the procurement, storage, transportation, and bulk allocation of food grains to the State governments.

2.    Distribution of Ration within the State.

The State government is responsible for the identification of eligible families, issue of Ration Cards, and Supervision of the functioning of the Fair Price Shops(FPSs) and other major and minor jobs.

3.    Distribution of Ration to the eligible people.

Here onwards the Fair Price Shops(FPSs) are responsible for the distribution of food grains and other essential commodities to the targeted public.



Types Of Ration Card

  • APL – Above Poverty Line Ration Card
  • BPL – Below Poverty Line Ration Card
  • AAY – Antyodaya Anna Ration Card
  • Annapurna Yojana Ration Card
  • Priority Household(PHH) ration card

Benefits Of Ration Card Ration Card Type Commodity/Item Benefit
1 BPL Rice, Wheat & Kerosine Sanction to 35 kg of food grain at the rate of Rs.1/-
2 APL Rice & Wheat 10kg – 20kg of Food at 
3 AAY Rice & Wheat Rs. 3 per kg for rice, Rs. 2 per kg for wheat, Rs. 1 per kg for Coarse grains
4 AY Rice & Wheat 10 kgs per month
4 PHH Rice & Wheat  5kg of foodgrains per household


Eligibility and Documents To Get a Ration Card

  1. The applicant must be a permanent resident of the State.
  2. The applicant must have the Following
    1. An Aadhar Card
    2. Identity card
    3. Passport Size Photo
    4. Bank Account Passbook
    5. Mobile Number
    6. Income Certificate

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Cancellation Of Ration Card

  • The cardholder must not have four wheeler vehicle
  • The cardholder must not have a 2 or more-story house
  • The family income should be less than 3lakhs in urban areas and 2 Lakhs in Rural Areas


How to Apply For a Ration Card

This is the home portal of aahar Jharkhand

  • Tap on the Online Service Tab.

This is a part of the process of Applying for ration card

  • Select Online application from the drop-down menu.
  • After clicking on the option you will find the following page.

This is the part to fill the details of the head of the ration card

  • Fill in the required details and upload a picture of the aadhar card of the head of the family.

This is the part to upload in the documents of the head of the ration card

  • You can follow the preceding methods and apply for a new ration card.
  • For any query, you can call the helpline Number 18003456598.


Government And Duties

 Web Portals Associated with Ration.
Ration Portal
Contact Details(NFSA)
Staff Food Commission
Indian Ration Portal(NFSA)


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